Challenge   Beekeeping is considered one of most dangerous and high risk agricultural industry to human health.

(OSHA, 2013)

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Design Direction

How can we decrease hazard risks associated with a smoker to increase healthy apiculture activity? 

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Manual

Electric

1903

1980

2013

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Usability

Design Criteria

Familiar

Utility

Safe

Calm

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Concepts

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  Honeycomb.e

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Citations

Fels, D., A. Blackler, D. Cook, and M. Foth. 2019. “Ergonomics in Apiculture: A Case Study Based on Inspecting Movable Frame Hives for Healthy Bee Activities.” Heliyon 5 (7): e01973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01973.

Maina, G., F. Rossi, and A. Baracco. 2016. “How to Assess the Biomechanical Risk Levels in Beekeeping.” Journal of Agromedicine 21 (2): 209–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/1059924X.2016.1141132.

Matysiak, Joanna, Zenon J. Kokot, and Jan Matysiak. 2017. “Alergia Na Jad Pszczeli u Pszczelarzy.” Bee Venom Allergy in Beekeepers. 22 (1): 5–11.

Semler-Collery, Axelle, George Hayek, Sophie Ramadier, and Jean-Marc Perone. 2019. “A Case of Conjunctival Bee Sting Injury with Review of the Literature on Ocular Bee Stings.” The American Journal of Case Reports 20 (August): 1284–89. https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.917592.

Gage, Stephanie L., Fabiana Ahumada, Angela Rivera, Henry Graham, and Gloria DeGrandi-Hoffman. 2018. “Smoke Conditions Affect the Release of the Venom Droplet Accompanying Sting Extension in Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).” Journal of Insect Science 18 (4): 7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iey073.

Kuszewska, Karolina, and Michal Woyciechowski. 2014. “Risky Robbing Is a Job for Short-Lived and Infected Worker Honeybees.” Apidologie 45 (5): 537–44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-014-0267-4.

Mucignat-Caretta, Carla. 2014. Neurobiology of Chemical Communication. Baton Rouge, UNITED STATES: Taylor & Francis Group. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ncsu/detail.action?docID=1407988.

“Individual Perception of Bees: Between Perceived Danger and Willingness to Protect.” n.d. Accessed August 19, 2020. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0180168.

Jessica Stanhope, Scott Carver, Philip Weinstein. (2017) Health outcomes of beekeeping: a systematic review. Journal of Apicultural Research 56:2, pages 100-111.

Devkota, K., Dhakal, S.C. & Thapa, R.B. Economics of beekeeping as pollination management practices adopted by farmers in Chitwan district of Nepal. Agric & Food Secur 5, 6 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40066-016-0053-9

Beekeepers smoker, beekeeper by Juraj Sedlák from the Noun Project

Beehive by Les vieux garçons from the Noun Project

Beekeeper by The Pyramid School from the Noun Project

https://www.perfectbee.com/blog/weighing-your-beehive-why-and-how#:~:text=The%20simple%20answer%20is%2C%20beehives,yourself%20a%20lot%20of%20anguish.

https://www.perfectbee.com/blog/beekeeping-and-technology

https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/

https://entomology.ces.ncsu.edu/apiculture/

https://theocba.org/

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/apiculture

https://www.beeculture.com/moses-quinby/

https://protect.iu.edu/environmental-health/occupational-safety/beekeeping.html